Skip to content

The Harvard Gazette 蓝精灵直播app官网

Power play吴江旺公吉贸易有限公司

泡芙短视频app官网 Helping to uncover the mechanism controlling brain states 盈中晶设备有限公司

Science & Technology 梧州合同弘商贸有限公司



Science & Technology 滁州利东聚有限公司


The 1,500-square-foot rooftop space, "High Sees," sits atop Arlington's Learn to Grow preschool.

Photos by Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer


Her young sons crawl the wrong way up playground slides and dangle from objects they’re not supposed to climb, and Megan Panzano is thrilled.

“We break rules now when we go to playgrounds,” says Panzano, assistant professor of architecture at the Graduate School of Design and director of the University’s Undergraduate Architecture Studies program. “One thing I’ve learned as a parent is how children can have strong, productive reactions, emotionally and physically, once we question the givens of rules and constraint when we play.”

Panzano has designed townhouses in South Boston, offices made of reclaimed materials in Charlestown, and a highway master plan in Somerville. Designing a playground had never crossed her mind until she and her husband found themselves, as new parents, immersed in a sea of literature on child psychology and development.

Panzano was intrigued especially by the idea of open-ended, unscripted play — activities without preset instructions. She warmed up to evidence that children develop in more complex and enriched ways when they are given fewer guidelines for play, allowing more room for exploration and imagination. She also dug into the tangential concept of “scaffolded parenting,” which posits that children grow to be more independent when given general frameworks for behavior, but not specific directives.

It wasn’t long before the architect was playing with these ideas in her sketchbook.

Over the course of a year, Panzano would devise “High Sees,” now open atop Arlington’s Learn to Grow preschool. The 1,500-square-foot rooftop space, which she calls a “perceptual playground,” is physically spare, absent of swing sets, metal slides, or other ephemera common to the American playground. Instead, geometric patterns of gray and blue rubber tiles dash across the ground and run up fence walls, resembling painted lines. The only other material used is gray plastic sheeting, a material used in the fabrication of speed boats, which makes up five platforms of different shapes and sizes, placed strategically around the playground.


“We break rules now when we go to playgrounds,” said GSD Assistant Professor Megan Panzano, the designer of High Sees.

The minimalism of High Sees negotiates between two considerations that Panzano wanted to harmonize: the power of open-ended play for young, developing minds, versus the highly specific, risk-averse building code that governs American playgrounds.

“With playgrounds, we face the design problem of identifying the loopholes or spaces in the heavy code requirements where you have some wiggle room to intercede and experiment with new form,” Panzano observes. “I struggled to find precedents in America that spoke to the lack of prescription and the open-ended play that I was gravitating toward.”

Instead, Panzano found inspiration in designer Isamu Noguchi, whose “Play Mountain” (1933) and related works present familiar but abstract shapes and images at scaled-up sizes, meant to simultaneously enchant and mystify young visitors and stoke their imaginations.

“Noguchi called his playscapes ‘educational’ specifically because of their open-endedness in relation to form, perception, and subsequent play,” Panzano observes. “I think that sensibility is quite appropriate today, and one that we don’t have opportunity to test enough.”

As she moved from researching to designing, Panzano sought to optimize spatial-cognitive development at a time when that growth is prime, roughly between ages 3 and 5. She also wanted to encourage peer-to-peer proximity to in turn engage children’s observation and communication skills.

“Depth perception and spatial cognition are uniquely attended to, tuned, and improved by having to work a bit to make sense of a relationship between a two-dimensional image and its three-dimensional spatial consequences,” she continues. “For preschoolers, these two aspects of visual-cognitive functioning are still being shaped, so the design of the playground became a way for me to design something that presents things that you may see, but don’t necessarily get in reality.”

Thus, the abstract patterns that carpet High Sees in blues and grays present optical illusions to “invite children into a dialogue between perception and reality,” Panzano says. Children can imagine various territories and play zones based on these geometric patterns, she adds, while imaginations of full figures — a river? a cloud?— emerge from flat lines.

Panzano also experimented with how to space the playground’s only physical play elements: five custom-made plastic blocks. Her intention was to distance these elements just right, balancing psychology with building code. She wanted children engaged in various activities across “High Sees” to be able to verbally discuss or visually observe what others are doing, and make new decisions from there — so-called “proximal play,” which psychologists argue can enable deeper social interaction and learning. But she would also need to follow Early Education and Care (EEC) safety code, which calls for, among other things, “fall zone” spacing in which children can safely tumble from a raised surface.

Panzano used digital software to experiment with different arrangements. As she would move one of the five block figures on screen, each of the other four would shimmy around the floor plate like chess pieces, reacting to EEC fall zone requirements.


The “perceptual playground” is physically spare, absent of swing sets, metal slides, or other ephemera common to the American playground.

“The project found areas where abstract forms, patterning, and proportion matched up with requirements of early education constraints to make something unexpected,” Panzano observes. “The opportunities for such play spaces are there, it just requires a design sensibility to read the code and match that with forms, arrangements, and assembly details that allow for the building of something new and unexpected.”

Amid a physically spare design, those five play platforms were designed to be ambiguous. Panzano had been seeking play elements that, unlike a slide or a swing set, refrain from suggesting a specific activity or use. Similarly, the generic grays and blues that color the space conjure up a portfolio of familiar visual environments, without prioritizing any single one.

In the playground’s first months of use, children have reimagined the platforms as pirate ships, mountains, vehicles, and caves, if not as stages for impromptu theater performances; amid its grays and blues, they have visualized themselves sailing on an ocean, floating in clouds, or walking across ice. And, while Panzano avoided prescribing set activities, the combination of flat shapes and physical platforms suggests a series of zones that, in turn, imply different modes of motor-skill engagement and play, she says: theatrical play, gross motor, fine motor, sensory play, and play-seeking.

“Our rooftop play space is very popular among children, parents, and educators alike,” says Nicole Lowery, program director of Learn to Grow. “It is very unstructured, and we allow the children to explore however they see fit. It truly promotes a sense of independence and autonomy for our children.” Some teachers and students bring chalk and paint to the play space, experimenting with color-mixing against the space’s color palette and using these play tools to expand or accentuate the stories their imaginations start writing.

As children and teachers at Learn to Grow continue to reimagine how they engage with High Sees, Panzano has gleaned takeaways that she hopes may apply to other building projects. Spaces where proximal interaction is fundamental — schools and offices, for instance — may benefit, she says, as could retail spaces and storefronts, for which image perception is a priority.

For now, though, Panzano’s focus is on fun. Alongside her teaching and her private practice, she has been engaging insights from “High Sees” in a series of new projects, including a line of toys.

“Time and space for unscripted activity and play are essential needs in all of our lives, which is sometimes easy to forget,” Panzano says. “Working on this project was a great reminder of that.”

烟花巷app下载iOS 水仙直播app下载污 云上花直播app官网 木瓜app下载iOS 小仙女app下载污 野花视频app下载污 云上花直播app官网 性直播app下载iOS 西瓜直播app官网 卖肉直播app下载污 污软件app下载iOS 水果视频app下载污 盘她s直播app官网 小公主直播app下载iOS 性福宝app下载iOS 小草视频app官网 夜猫视频app官网 七秒鱼直播app下载iOS 午夜直播app下载污 享爱直播app下载污 月亮直播app下载污 含羞草实验研究所app下载污 月亮直播app官网 花友直播app官网 花姿直播app下载iOS 大番号app下载iOS 香蕉app下载污 水蜜桃app下载iOS 逗趣直播app下载污 水仙直播app官网 含羞草app下载污 丝瓜视频app下载污 梦幻直播app下载iOS 红高粱直播app下载污 茄子视频app下载污 薰衣草直播app下载iOS 仙人掌app下载污 花狐狸直播app下载iOS JAV名优馆app下载手机版 泡芙短视频app下载iOS 夜夜直播app下载污 水晶直播app官网 千层浪视频app下载iOS 恋夜秀场app官网 青草视频app官网 d2天堂app下载iOS 污软件app下载iOS 浪浪视频app下载iOS 豌豆直播app官网 九尾狐直播app下载iOS 蚪音app官网 春水堂视频app下载污 尤蜜app官网 春水堂app下载iOS 最污直播app官网 秀儿直播app下载iOS 小猪视频app官网 红玫瑰直播app下载iOS 蓝精灵直播app下载污 黄瓜视频人app官网 AVnightapp官网 丝瓜视频污app官网 蘑菇视频app下载污 花心直播app官网 成人直播app官网 花姿app下载iOS 樱桃视频app官网 花心社区app官网 主播大秀app官网 金鱼直播app官网 恋人直播app下载污 蜜桃直播app下载iOS 番茄社区app官网 Avboboapp下载iOS 小奶狗app下载iOS 心上人直播app官网 蜜橙视频app下载iOS 盘他app下载污 iavboboapp下载iOS 咪哒直播app下载iOS 9uuapp官网 大小姐直播app官网 快猫视频app官网 香蜜直播app官网 麻豆传媒视频app下载iOS 酷咪直播app下载iOS 桃花app官网 妖妖直播app下载iOS 橘子直播app下载iOS AVnightapp下载iOS 樱花app下载iOS 花姿直播app下载污 盘她直播app下载污 快猫视频app下载iOS 小天仙直播app下载手机版 夜遇直播号app下载iOS 梦露直播app官网 成版人抖音app下载污 小优app下载iOS 月亮直播app下载iOS 小米粒直播app下载手机版 七仙女直播app下载iOS 梦露直播app官网 内裤直播app官网 樱花app下载污 遇见直播app下载iOS 心上人直播app下载污 后宫视频app下载iOS 考拉直播app下载iOS 小怪兽app下载污 冈本视频app下载iOS 大象视频app下载iOS 主播福利app下载污 成版人快手app下载污 午夜神器app官网 鸭脖视频app下载污 AVnightapp下载iOS 小草视频app官网 盘他直播app下载污 樱花app下载污 橙子直播app下载iOS 后宫app下载iOS 七秒鱼直播app下载iOS 黄瓜直播app官网 彩云直播app下载污 樱花app官网 恋人直播app下载污 avgoapp官网 成版人抖音富二代app官网 lutubeapp官网 青草视频app下载污 JOJO直播app官网 AVnightapp下载污 秋葵视频app下载iOS 蓝颜app下载iOS 米老鼠直播app下载iOS 含羞草实验研究所app下载iOS 佳丽直播视频app下载污 花椒直播app官网 水仙直播app下载iOS 番茄视频app下载污 9uuapp下载iOS 荔枝app官网 黄鱼视频app下载iOS 云上花app下载iOS 夜夜直播app官网 彩云直播app下载iOS 豌豆直播app下载污 97豆奶视频app官网 成人快手app下载污 swag视频app下载iOS 午夜神器app官网 Kitty直播app下载iOS 老王视频app下载iOS 压寨直播app下载iOS 富二代f2抖音app下载iOS 主播大秀app下载iOS 初见直播app下载iOS 花椒直播app下载污 JAV名优馆app下载iOS 梦幻直播app下载污 茄子直播app官网 咪咪直播app下载污 葫芦娃app下载iOS 食色短视频app下载iOS bobo直播app官网 小宝贝直播app下载污 美岁直播app下载污 桃花直播app下载污 花心直播app下载iOS 性直播app下载污 Huluwaapp下载污 富二代app官网 花心视频app官网 金鱼直播app下载污 探探直播app下载污 享爱直播app官网 蘑菇视频app下载污 草榴视频app下载污 小姐姐直播app下载iOS 硬汉视频app官网 麻豆传媒映画app下载污 和欢视频app下载iOS 鲍鱼视频app官网 宅男之家app下载污 黄色直播软件app下载iOS 幸福宝app官网 夜巴黎直播app官网 泡芙app下载污 金鱼直播app下载iOS 可乐视频app下载iOS 菠萝蜜app官网 野花视频app下载污 豆奶app下载iOS 烟花直播app下载污 红楼直播app官网 朵朵直播app下载污 可乐视频app官网 抖阴视频app官网 富二代f2app下载污 望月直播app下载污 微杏app官网 黄色直播软件app下载污 泡芙app下载iOS 陌秀直播app下载污 月夜直播app下载iOS 性福宝app下载污 豆奶视频app下载污 男人本色西瓜视频app官网 逗趣直播app下载iOS 蓝精灵直播app下载iOS 四虎app官网 9uuapp下载污 Kitty直播app下载iOS 佳丽直播app下载污 铁牛视频app下载iOS 91直播app下载iOS 佳丽直播视频app下载iOS 雨燕直播app官网 小怪兽直播app下载iOS 麻豆传媒视频app下载iOS 粉色app官网 黄瓜视频app官网 花姿app官网 豆奶抖音短视频app下载污 九尾狐直播app下载污 含羞草app下载iOS 芭乐app官网 蓝颜app下载污 心上人直播app下载iOS 梦露直播app官网 红娘直播app下载污 福利直播app下载iOS 千层浪app官网 黄瓜视频app下载污 花姬直播app下载污 雨燕直播app官网 荔枝视频app官网 硬汉视频app下载iOS 云雨直播app下载iOS 粉色视频app官网 小喵直播app官网 花秀神器app官网 食色短视频app下载iOS 东京视频app官网 A头条app官网 火辣直播app下载污 91香蕉app下载污 蝶恋花app官网 秋葵视频app下载污 快猫短视频app下载iOS 茄子app下载污 花样视频app下载iOS 性直播app官网 黄瓜直播app下载iOS 蜜桃直播app下载污 草莓app下载污 啪嗒视频app下载iOS 荔枝app下载iOS 光棍影院app下载污 丝瓜视频污app下载iOS 暖暖直播app下载iOS 丝瓜app下载iOS 红娘直播app官网 丝瓜视频污app下载iOS 恋夜秀场app下载污 欢喜视频app下载污 盘他app下载污 恋夜秀场app下载iOS 麻豆传媒映画app官网 花姬app官网 彩云直播app下载iOS 午夜直播app下载污 69热app下载iOS 小蝌蚪视频app下载iOS 萝卜视频app官网 快播破解app下载污 午夜直播app官网 迷雾直播app下载污 烟花巷app官网 初恋直播app下载iOS 秋葵视频app官网 可乐视频app官网 米老鼠直播app下载iOS 大秀直播app下载iOS 盘她app官网 么么直播app下载污 小草莓app下载污 男人本色西瓜视频app下载污 猛虎视频app官网 微杏app下载污 可乐视频app下载iOS 大小姐直播app下载iOS 草榴直播app下载污 富二代f2短视频app官网 欢喜视频app官网 快猫视频app下载污 柠檬视频app下载iOS 夜狼直播app官网 A头条app下载iOS iavboboapp下载iOS 台湾swagapp下载iOS 冈本视频app下载污 成版人音色短视频app官网 小猪视频app官网 蓝颜app官网 猫咪视频app官网 芭乐视频app官网 大象视频app官网 health2app官网 云上花app官网 粉色app下载污 JAV名优馆app下载手机版 色秀直播app下载iOS MM直播app下载iOS 水晶直播app下载污 荔枝视频app官网 花心视频app下载污 抖阴直播app官网 JAV名优馆app下载iOS 97豆奶视频app官网 丝瓜视频污app下载iOS 小仙女app下载污 卡哇伊直播app下载污 咪哒直播app官网 樱桃直播app下载污 快猫视频app官网 奶茶视频app下载污 圣女直播app下载iOS 豆奶短视频app官网 心上人直播app下载iOS 四虎app下载iOS 红高粱直播app下载iOS 香蕉直播app官网 性直播app下载污 秀色直播app官网 麻豆传媒直播app官网 云上花app官网 草榴直播app下载污 豌豆直播app官网 梦鹿直播app官网 杏吧直播app官网 夜巴黎直播app官网 豆奶抖音短视频app下载iOS 棉花糖直播app官网 红杏视频app下载污 葡萄视频app下载污 久草app下载iOS 小酒窝直播app官网 小草莓app官网 云上花app下载iOS 萝卜视频app下载iOS 月色直播app下载污 榴莲视频app下载iOS 葫芦娃视频app官网 swag台湾app下载iOS AVnightapp官网 鲍鱼视频app下载iOS d2天堂app下载iOS 黄瓜app下载iOS 黄鱼视频app下载iOS 污直播app下载污 猛虎视频app官网 小可爱app官网 泡芙app下载iOS bobo直播app下载iOS 番茄直播app下载污 云上花直播app下载iOS 主播大秀app官网 富二代f2抖音app官网 暗夜直播app下载污 月夜直播app下载iOS 黄色直播软件app官网 黄色直播软件app下载iOS 比心直播app下载iOS BB直播app下载iOS 富二代f2抖音app下载iOS 青青草app下载iOS 恋人直播app官网 丝瓜app下载污 性福宝app下载iOS 午夜直播间app下载污 朵朵直播app下载iOS 樱桃视频app官网 享受直播app下载污 草榴短视频app下载污 小花螺直播app下载污 蜜桃app下载iOS 光棍影院app下载iOS health2app下载iOS 丝瓜视频污app下载iOS 富二代app下载iOS 秋葵视频app下载iOS swag视频app下载污 香蕉app下载iOS 套路直播app下载iOS 彩云直播app下载iOS 小狐仙直播app下载污 秀色直播app下载污 咪哒app下载iOS 梦幻直播app下载污 樱花app下载污 小喵直播app下载iOS 黄瓜视频人app下载污 杏吧直播app下载污 麻豆传媒映画app官网 泡芙视频app下载污 swag视频app下载iOS 望月直播app官网 swag台湾app下载污 花粥直播app下载污 探探直播app下载iOS 繁花直播app下载iOS swag视频app官网 主播福利app下载iOS 微杏app下载污 月色直播app官网 梦幻直播app官网 小优app下载污 午夜神器app下载污 后宫视频app下载iOS 小草莓app官网 咪哒直播app下载iOS 盘她s直播app下载iOS 月光直播app官网 食色短视频app官网 快猫视频app下载污 蓝精灵直播app下载污 小奶狗app官网 小奶狗视频app官网 柚子直播app官网 草莓直播app下载污 初见直播app官网 蜜蜂视频app官网 冈本视频app官网 樱桃直播app官网 微杏app下载污 蓝精灵直播app下载污 黄页荔枝app下载污 swag视频app下载iOS 啪嗒视频app官网 bobo直播app官网 ML聚合直播app下载iOS 含羞草app下载iOS 粉色视频app官网 尤蜜视频app官网 花样视频app官网 鲍鱼视频app官网 西瓜直播app官网 花粥直播app下载iOS 繁花直播app下载iOS 后宫app官网 木瓜app下载iOS 主播福利app下载污 咪咪直播app官网 草榴短视频app下载iOS 红高粱直播app下载污 木瓜app下载iOS 小怪兽app下载污 泡芙app下载iOS 可乐视频app下载iOS 梦幻直播app下载iOS 成版人短视频app官网 草莓app下载污 玉米视频app下载iOS 皮卡丘直播app官网 水晶直播app下载污 JOJO直播app下载iOS 成人直播app下载污 番茄视频app官网 快猫短视频app下载iOS 豆奶抖音短视频app下载污 小公主直播app下载污 春水堂app下载污 佳丽直播app官网 小优app下载污 桃花直播app下载iOS 小蝌蚪app下载污 红高粱直播app下载iOS 成版人抖音app官网 黄瓜视频app官网 草莓app下载污 水蜜桃app下载iOS 红娘直播app官网 豌豆直播app下载污 JAV名优馆app下载手机版 萝卜视频app下载iOS 遇见直播app下载iOS 仙人掌app下载污 盘她app下载iOS 大番号app下载污 小花螺直播app官网 小奶狗视频app下载iOS 彩云直播app官网 Huluwaapp官网 快猫短视频app官网 豆奶抖音短视频app官网 萝卜视频app下载iOS 泡芙短视频app下载iOS 快猫短视频app官网 金屋藏娇直播间app官网 抖阴app下载iOS 花心社区app官网